Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Michigan November Woes

The woe of November is that it is here already! The second woe of November is that is has already snowed more than once!! The third woe is the sad truth that I won't be able to pull frames of bees, wonder at the elegance and beauty of a queen bee or marvel at the numerous actions and interactions happening all at once on a single frame of bees as I glance at it with the warm sun at my back shining down onto the frame......until spring 2019.
This marks the end of my fifth season of beekeeping, still a newbeee, but making new strides each season. This year I focused hard on mite counts and managing mites. I love keeping bees, but I despise keeping mites. There is no joy in doing mite counts, it can be time consuming. There is no joy in applying treatments. BUT, if you don't do either, you will not have the joy of keeping bees!

I switched over to the alcohol wash for mite counts instead of powdered sugar. I find the alcohol is much more accurate. Yes, it kills the bees. But if I'm going to take the time to do it, I want it as accurate as possible. I recently read an article in ABJ about using a white bucket lid for counting the mites in the wash. I am "excited" to try that next season. The article was written by Zac Lamas in the October 2018 American Bee Journal, titled" Bucket Lids & Mites, A Stark Reality in White & Red."

I also started doing mite counts earlier this season, starting in July, rather than the end of August. If counts were high, I treated. If not I let them be and rechecked each month. I start making splits and rearing queens as soon as the weather cooperates which is usually May. I split again in July. Because my bees get that brood break early in the spring, I haven't checked mites counts that early. However, this  coming spring 2019, I'd like to get a count on each colony when I pull the old overwintered queens. Queens coming from colonies with low counts in spring will be used as breeder queens for grafting.

Treatments. Brood breaks, oxalic dribble and oxalic vapor have been my treatments of choice. I did purchase the  Oxavap Provap 110 this year to speed up the process and have been happy with that. Please follow all safety precautions recommended when using the oxavap. It can cause severe injuries if used improperly.
Need electricity for the Oxavap Provap. This little generator from Harbor Freight worked well.


  


I drilled a small hole in the back of the bottom board to insert the provap into. I close it up with a golf  tee when I'm finished.

I stuff foam in the bottom entrances and tape top entrances before I start.

Golf tee inserted after finished. The bees will most likely propolize it anyways if I don't put the tee in.

USE RECOMMENDED SAFETY EQUIPMENT. I USE SAFETY GLASSES TOO!

The oxalic "condensed or sublimated"( not sure on correct term) on this bee on the foam at entrance when took out foam.

Me with almost all my bees, spread out to 7 yards now. If we get through winter, I'm looking forward to selling local MI nucs again this coming season.


Tuesday, May 8, 2018

OTS Queen Rearing gearing up!

With our West MI "winter" in April this year, the bees are behind in brood rearing and drone production. I normally pull my overwintered queens from the hives the last week of April. It is May 8 and I still have not started OTS, On The Spot Queen rearing by Mel Disselkoen. Why? Because I like to see 8 frames of brood in my  hives prior to starting and I like to see drones flying. In most hives I  have neither yet. I could pull the queen early but it is doubtful that the daughter queens would have a successful mating because of the lack of drones. Also, if I only have 4-6 frames of brood, I can't make as many splits as I would like to. With On The Spot Queen Rearing, by Mel Disselkoen, I can  on an average hive get the "artificial swarm" (the overwintered queen and 2 frames of capped brood plus 2 shakes of nurse bees off frames) and 3 additional splits. That is 4 hives from one. I am preparing nuc boxes and getting equipment ready to start pulling my overwintered queens next week. The weather has been good for foraging and lots of pollen has been coming in.
Beautiful frame of pollen, nectar and some capped honey.

The colors of the different pollens are so vibrant and diverse!

Little gymnast collecting pollen from a willow.

Honeybee on willow collecting pollen.

Honeybee on Purple Dead Nettle. I am told this is a source of red pollen for the bees, but I didn't see any red pollen this day. 

Beautiful Spring day finally!! 15/15 made it through the winter in this yard!

Friday, April 27, 2018

OTS Queen Rearing and making successful splits in the Bahamas!!

Many beekeepers I come into contact with are amazed that I am able to make so many successful splits with my honeybees. They frequently ask how I do it. I tell them I use Mel Disselkoen's method. On The Spot Queen Rearing. I was mentored by Mel himself so I have a pretty good handle on how the process works. I was recently invited to the Bahamas to assist a Bahamian newbee split her 3 hives. A fellow beekeeper and myself took the challenge and spent a little over a week on the Bahamian Island of Andros, North Andros to be exact. While there we were able to take her 3 hives and multiply them into 12. We also did a couple cut outs to give her a total of 14 hives prior to returning to the US.
Our hostess wants 50 hives, she is prepared with ALL the equipment already!

The dark brown area in the middle of the building is the entrance for the colony that we are preparing to cut out.

Power tools come in handy :-)

Beautiful comb and colony!




Removing the comb piece by piece.

Bottom row removed, now for the top combs.

Our second cut out. This one was much simpler as we didn't have to remove walls to get to it. The bees had made themselves a lovely little home in the field in the empty boat motor cover.


We decided it would be easiest to work at it if we moved it away from the site by 20ft or more. Less foragers to deal with this way. We put a sheet under it before we moved it because it was 88 degrees and we were worried the combs might detach and fall to the ground when we lifted it up.

Inside the boat motor cover. No combs came detached during the short move :-)
Cutting the comb and rubber banding it into frames. They honey combs were kept separate. We used a bee vacuum to suck up the bees into a hive body.

The queen of the boat motor cover!! Beautiful Big Bahamian Queen!! Bottom edge of the comb. She is twice the length of the other bees and very dark.

Mmmmmm....the bee vacuum. I am not mechanical, but we figured out how to get it together. Uses a shop vac motor and sucks the bees right into a deep body hive box. Very convenient for cut outs. Much easier to work with the combs once the bees are out of the way.

Putting together the bee vacuum.
Walking through the jungle trail  in North Andros, Stafford Creek.

The locals call this a grape seed tree. The bees were all over it, what a contented buzz in such a beautiful setting. This was on the beach at Forfar Field station, across the road from where we were staying.

Honey bee on bloom of Grape seed tree.

Some of our splits at "base camp" The weather was incredible. Never dropped below 70 degrees at night and was up to 90 degrees during the day. Love me some sunshine!!
The dangerous terrain we had to work on.  These are small holes, some so large we could fall in. The locals told us crabs live down in the holes and when it rains in May, all the crabs come up on to land and they have a big Crab Fest on the Island.

A virgin queen in the middle of the comb.

Beware of you screened bottoms. This virgin queen ended up on the underside of the screen and couldn't figure out her way back to the entrance. We had to help her back into the hive.


My helpers, Linden and El Torro, gathered dry pine needles for my smoker.


My best bee buddy, Mary and myself.


Riding in the bed of a truck on the highway holding a hive together from the cut out we did. It's totally normal to see people riding in the back of vehicles here. No laws against it. That was fun.

Getting ready for our last day of bee work in the Bahamas.


Our code names are Heather Bee Blond and Mrs. Bee Mizzle! Yup, we're nuts and loving it!

Never thought I'd be pulling honey frames on April 3!! Only in the Bahamas!! This was our first evening there at dusk.



For fun, I never get to wave palm fronds around in Michigan!

A good morning from our Michigan mitten, our first Bahama sunrise.
Me photographing honey bees working the palms before the sunrise. These bees in the Bahamas have it made!!

What it looked like when I returned home to MI on April 13. Love Michigan!






Wednesday, February 14, 2018

February Honey Bee Cleansing Flights and Almond Bloom!!



Bloom? In February? Yes! California Almond bloom!  I have a friend who is employed by Bee Informed Partnership (beeinformed.org), who was able to be in California working with honey bees just before and at the beginning of the Almond bloom. Millions upon millions of bees are trucked into California every year to pollinate almonds. It is a massive undertaking. Thought I'd share these pictures that she shared with me.  I am insanely jealous of her job! To be in California in February working with honey bees!
On the bright side it was sunny and 41 degrees F in MI today and the bees were a buzzing out on their cleansing flights. I was able to get out, check sugar brick supplies and shovel snow away from the fronts of the hives.
Honey bee on Almond Bloom, Feb 10. California. Photo cred. Anne Marie Fauvel

Rows upon rows of Almond trees start of the bloom. Feb 12, 2018. California. Photo cred. Anne Marie Fauvel

Almond tree bloom. California, Feb. 2018. Photo cred. Anne Marie Fauvel
Pulling my sled with sugar bricks to an off the road yard. Bribed my daughter into helping me today. Feb, 14 2018. Dorr, MI

Bees flying, dotted snow.....a wonderful thing to behold in February. The dog seems immune to the stings as he was lapping up any honeybee he came into contact with. If stung, he would run his nose through the snow and then get back at it, undeterred.  February 14, 2018. 41 degrees, honey bees out on cleansing flights. 

Inside the hive. Nice looking winter cluster up on their sugar brick in the milder weather. Feb. 14, 2018. Dorr, MI.